It is generally recommended that children see an orthodontist by the age of 7. Some patients may require early phase orthodontic treatment at that time, while for others it may be recommended that treatment be put off. They might be recommended two phases of treatment to achieve the best results.
What is Phase 1 Treatment?
Phase 1 treatment, also referred to as early interceptive treatment, begins before all the permanent teeth have come in. This phase of treatment will typically be recommended to make room for teeth that have yet to come in, to aid in overcrowding issues if a jaw is deemed to be too small and to correct some severe malocclusions จัดฟัน.
The goal of early treatment is to help the jaw accommodate all of the permanent teeth. As children grow, parents may notice issues with their jaw growth or how their teeth are coming in. Because they are still experiencing jaw growth, younger children can benefit greatly from orthodontic treatment.
Phase 1 treatment will typically begin between the ages of 7 and 10, and is recommended to prevent an already forming orthodontic problem from worsening over time. Early treatment can help ease severe problems that, if left unchecked at an early age, could require serious treatment such as jaw surgery in the future.
The goal of Phase 1 treatment is always to set a patient up for the most success as they grow. An orthodontist will be able to help the jaw grow properly to accommodate the permanent teeth that have yet to erupt.
There are several benefits to early treatment. The first is preventing more serious treatment down the road. If, for instance, as a child grows, their jaw doesn’t grow to accommodate the incoming permanent teeth, severe crowding could result. That could then mean patients may need to have permanent teeth pulled to make room in their mouths, or they may require jaw surgery to align the jaws properly.
Phase 1 treatment will involve the use of partial braces, retainers or other appliances to move the teeth and/or jaws into new positions to accommodate the eruption of permanent teeth or jaw growth.
In between the two phases of treatment will be what is known as a resting period. During this time, the remaining permanent teeth will come in. Some patients may be asked to wear a retainer during this period, while others may not in order to reduce the risk of the retainer impeding eruption. If the first phase of treatment was successful, enough room should have been created to allow plenty of space for the additional permanent teeth.
It is important to note that at the end of the first phase of treatment, teeth are not in their final positions. Once the second phase of treatment begins, the proper locations of all the permanent teeth will be determined. During this resting period, patients will need to have regular appointments with their doctor so he can monitor the growth of the jaw and eruption of the remaining permanent teeth.
Phase 2 treatment begins
Once all of the patient’s permanent teeth have come in, the orthodontist will begin the second phase of treatment. This treatment will usually involve a full set of braces that will be worn on average 12-30 months. The permanent teeth will be moved to their desired locations using standard metal braces, or the cutting edge technology of invisible braces to create a beautiful, straighter smile. This will then result in a healthy bite and better overall oral health for the patient.
The length of Phase 2 treatment depends on the patient. Some patient’s teeth respond much quicker to the movement than others. During the course of treatment, patients will regularly have an appointment to monitor the movement.
Some patients may only require one phase of treatment, which will occur once all their permanent teeth have erupted. No matter which course of action is recommended, it is important to follow all advice as laid out by the orthodontist. Not only does orthodontic treatment result in a more aesthetically pleasing smile, it also can prevent a host of other problems for the patient.
Improperly aligned teeth can result in poor oral health, wearing down of teeth, jaw discomfort and many other problems. When patients and their parents invest in orthodontic treatment, they’re investing in a lifetime of good oral health.